Ezemalin - a hybrid of blackberries and raspberries: basic characteristics, advantages and disadvantages
That only breeders do not cross in order to increase the yield, improve taste, and achieve immunity to diseases in new plant varieties. Crossing blackberries with raspberries, we got a new type of hybrid that can tolerate harsh winters, give a good harvest of tasty, healthy berries.
The main characteristics of a hybrid of raspberries and blackberries
Swiss breeders began to cross raspberries with blackberries in 1969 and since then, new varieties have become increasingly popular among gardeners. Having absorbed the best qualities from parents, Ezhemalin gives a good harvest from mid-July until the first frosts.
Appearance and features of the plant
Blackberry raspberries can be distinguished from different varieties of raspberries by a large oblong berry. The mass of one can reach up to 10 g, from the bush you can collect 9 kg of fruits. Sweet, slightly sour taste and pronounced pleasant aroma.
Color from maroon to chocolate. Completely ripened fruits may have a black color. The berry is voluminous, juicy, grows with brushes up to 15 pieces. Bushes can be with thorns and without, like a blackberry can spread along the ground or like raspberries grow up to 1.5 m up.
The peculiarity of the hybrid is not only in taste, but also in ripening. Even the earliest variety will begin to produce crops later than ordinary raspberries. The first crop will be in mid-July.
The main characteristics of berries
100 g of product contains 1.5 g of protein, 0.5 g of fat and 4.4 g of carbohydrates, 34 kcal. No one disputes the nutritional value of berries, because in addition to monosaccharides, organic acids, biologically active substances, they also contain phosphorus, calcium, sulfur, and iron. Being a strong antioxidant, they are able to remove toxins from the body.
Advantages and disadvantages
- For each hybrid, the good qualities of the genetic modulators that have been achieved through selection predominate:
- profuse bearing;
- large, voluminous fruit;
- does not require additional care;
- easily tolerates the first frosts and mild winters;
- pleasant, rich berry aroma;
- most varieties have no thorns;
- drought tolerance.
- The disadvantages include:
- during transportation, it loses its presentation;
- some varieties are plentifully covered with thorns;
- a bit sour.
Planting and grooming
Whenever you decide to plant seedlings in spring or autumn, they will perfectly tolerate the rooting period.
Site selection and soil preparation
Ezemalin, like raspberries, loves the sunny side and does not withstand drafts, but at the same time it tolerates drought, does not tolerate high humidity, which allows diseases and rotting of roots to develop.
Did you know? Yezemalin berries have healing properties, they can be consumed fresh for colds or as a jam.
After planting, the first time you need to often water. For fast and full growth it is worth choosing a well-fertilized land. The plot will have to be occupied not small, the hybrid loves lighting and can creep.
How to choose the right seedling
A young plant should be healthy, without damage and dried leaves, without signs of disease, with a healthy root system.Planting material can be prepared by yourself. Creeping shoot is dug up to a depth of 20 cm and watered, or trimmed branches are planted (1-2 buds planted in the ground).
Planting is done at a distance from each other, in the same row, 80 cm, and the row spacing is not less than 1.5 m. The pit is made 40 cm deep, 40 cm in diameter. The dug-up earth lump is mixed with compost, the young bush is gently lowered and covered with a prepared mixture of earth and organic fertilizer, slightly rammed and watered.
Important! Plant seedlings from a container with a lump of earth so as not to damage fragile roots.
Watering and feeding
When planting seedlings in well-fed soil, do not rush to fertilize plants for the first 2 years. Properly selected soil is able to give everything that is needed for complete rooting and growth.
In subsequent years, it is necessary to make phosphate, potash fertilizers, as well as manure (3-5 kg per 1 m²). Feeding is best done every 3 years. The culture does not need special watering, in a dry summer moderate watering is possible.
Pest and Disease Control
The bred hybrid has a modified immunity to diseases, it is practically not susceptible to infection with the virus and fungus.
But with improper care, high humidity, dense planting, there is a risk of exposing the plant to such diseases as:
- powdery mildew;
- verticillar wilting;
- raspberry rust;
For control and prevention fungicides are used. It is not recommended to process the plant 3 weeks before fruiting. Weevils, raspberry beetles, gall midges can attack bushes. Weeding from weeds, thinning out planted plants, harvesting fallen leaves in autumn will help protect the crop from pests.
Trim and garter
In late autumn, after the leaves fall, it is necessary to trim. Due to this, fruiting and productivity increase. Cut old, damaged, dried and excess branches. The tops are cut to form new shoots. If you did not have time to prune in the fall, do it in the early spring, before sap flow begins.
Most of the bred hybrids took the blackberry gene - the creeping stem. So that the shoots do not touch the ground, they are tied to specially installed trellises.Even if a mixture of raspberries and blackberries forms a bush, it is necessary to put up fences to maintain the culture (heavy fruits, can break branches).
Autumn care and preparation for wintering
Although the plant belongs to winter-hardy varieties, it is better to play it safe by preparing it for winter. Remove the branches from the trellis, bend them to the ground, secure with brackets and cover with straw or spruce branches, and if the winters in the region are snowy, then it is not necessary to cover. Snow will serve as a good shelter.
Important! In early spring, as soon as the snow melts, it is necessary to remove the winter shelter, otherwise the plant may rot.
Prepared for wintering, the plant will withstand large frosts and will easily tolerate spring adaptation. The ability of blackberries to tolerate frost is inherent in the hybrid.
Video: pruning the fruit tree after fruiting
Having once received a delicious berry, breeders did not stop there. The constant crossing of different types of raspberries with blackberries, gave new varieties that differ from each other in size and color of berries, the presence of thorns, ripening time.
Did you know? Breeders bred white Yezemalin, not inferior to varieties with dark red fruits. The best varieties of the species are Honey, Pineapple and Apricot with yellow berries.
The characteristics of the variety show that in this variety creeping stems, the presence of thorns (in some there are no thorns) are large-fruited, with a taste reminiscent of blackberries, brown berries with a pleasant acidity. Despite the excellent description (weight - 10 g, size in length - 5 cm), Boysenberry has the disadvantage of poor productivity (5 kg), when other varieties can produce up to 10 kg from the bush.
Tyberry cultivation in August gives a bountiful harvest. The berry has a dark red color, a pleasant taste and a honey aroma. Having received excellent feedback, it is popular among gardeners, due to its unpretentiousness in care and resistance to disease. The only drawback is the strong scratchiness.
Bossless Torness Loganberry
The hybrid is distinguished by the absence of thorns on the stems, a rich red berry weighing up to 5 g and a size of 3.5 cm. Besspornaya Torness Loganberry is a variety from early ripening species of selection.
Occupying a garden plot with a fragrant and at the same time useful berry, you can get a big crop with the minimum amount of time spent on caring for the plant, which makes ezhimalina a desired variety in any garden.