Dogrose: description of the plant
The distribution range of wild rose is wide - these are Asia, Europe, the Caucasus, North Africa. And in the wild, and in the parks, you can often find dog rose hips with small and simple-looking pink flowers. What this variety is and how it is applied, read further in the article.
Appearance and description
The botanical name for Dogrose is Rósa canína. The people also call this species "dog rose." The plant prefers forests and clearings, slopes and vacant lots, riverbanks.
Did you know? The famous physician of antiquity Avicenna in his treatises described the benefits of rosehip oil in the treatment of eye inflammation.
The rods of the root processes penetrate deep into the soil up to 5 m. Growing in breadth by 1.2 m. Rhizomes have the ability to separate from the mother bush, giving a new shoot, and thanks to this, the shrub can eventually occupy a large area.
The root system of the plant allows it to get moisture from the deep layers of the soil and thus survive the drought.
The dog rose has unpaired leaves, consisting of 5–9 plates, pointed along the edge. Foliage without fringe, but petioles and stipules have a thin pile. The length of the sheet is up to 9 cm, each sheet plate is about 2 cm long and 1.5 cm wide.
Rosehip flowers do not have a pronounced aroma. Often this is a single open basket, but there may be an inflorescence of 3-5 pieces. The flower has 5 petals of pink color, pale or bright shades, up to 8 cm in diameter. The pubescent sepals, as the flower opens, bend back to the stem.
Fruits Rosa canina rounded oval in shape, with a dense skin of orange-red color. The surface of the berry is smooth, glossy. The length of the fruit is up to 2.6 cm. Inside there are many seeds. The pulp is dense, fibrous, when cracking on the tongue, spiky hairs are felt.
Did you know? During the Russo-Turkish war in the 17th century, dressings for the wounded were saturated with a decoction of wild rose petals in order to destroy the infection and accelerate healing.
The description of all types of rose hips is almost the same. You can distinguish a dog rose from other varieties by the structure of the bracts: they are pressed tightly against the berry, while in others they are bent to the sides.
Most fruits of the Rosaceae family contain a large amount of vitamin C. In this variety of rosehip it is less than in other species, but the composition of the berries of this plant is no less valuable.
The plant is rich in such elements:
- vitamins - K, A, E, B5, beta-carotene;
- trace elements - manganese, copper;
- flavonoids - ascorutin, rutin;
- organic acids - citric, malic;
- other compounds - terpenes, pectins, tannins.
Flowering period and ripening period
The flowering period of Rósa canína is long - from May to July. The fruiting of the plant begins in August. Harvesting of fruits is carried out from late August to the first decade of September inclusive.
Important! Dog rose hips intended for harvesting should not be overripe. In addition, they need to be collected only in ecologically clean regions.
Scope of berries
Berries and other parts of this type of rosehip are used as medicinal raw materials.
- In pharmacology, a number of remedies are produced on the basis of a product for such ailments:
- burns and cracks in the skin;
- trophic ulcer;
In folk medicine, Rósa canína treats colds and nasopharynx diseases. Decoctions and infusions of the plant are used for bladder disease, to dissolve kidney stones and gall bladder. Rinse to fight stomatitis and other infections in the oral cavity.
Nursing women use plant oil to heal nipple cracks and treat mastitis.
In cosmetology, raw materials are used to make face, hands and body skin care products. From rosehips produce products that care for hair, nourishing and restoring growth, strength and shine. Pink wax is a common ingredient in lipstick production.
Important! Before using rose hips as a therapeutic agent, you should consult your doctor. The plant is not equally useful for everyone.
Petals and oil are used in aromatherapy and homeopathy. In veterinary medicine, the rhizome of this plant is used to prepare medicine for cattle. In industry, the oil from the seeds of this plant is used to make drying oil.
Rosa canina is used in gardening as a stock for garden roses. After vaccination, cultivated plants receive resistance from diseases of the Rosaceae family from a wild cousin, as well as winter hardiness and drought tolerance.
Dog rose - a useful plant that can be used as a decorative decoration of the garden. However, the main use of the culture is medicinal, since the fruits harvested for the winter will serve as the basis for many medicines.