Folded viburnum is perfect for those who want to decorate their summer cottage with unusual shrubs. The peculiarity of this species is in a shape resembling tiers: a white floral step is replaced by green leafy. Description of the features of this decorative viburnum and its varieties read further in the review.
Folded viburnum is a deciduous shrub. His homeland is Korea, Taiwan, and China. Upright bushes consist of several shoots reaching a height of 3 m. The name of the species is associated with the shape of the arrangement of flowers and leaves - folds.
The bushes are quite wide. As they grow, they form a broad-oval crown with a diameter of about 2 m. The branches of the plant descend to the ground. If desired, they can be given a pyramidal, rectangular or spherical shape.
Viburnum blooms in June. The branches are covered with white inflorescences with a diameter of 5-10 cm. In the center are smaller flowers framed by large ones. Later they will be replaced by fruits.
During ripening, the berries will change color more than once: when they appear, the green ones ripen, they begin to turn red and turn darker by the fall. Foliage of folded viburnum is also an excellent decoration element. Green in the spring, in the fall they will turn dark red and golden brown.
Important! When growing shrubs in a pot, you will need a capacity of 5 liters. The root layer of a seedling is approximately equal to 2-3 liters at the time of sale.
Characteristic folded viburnum:
- deciduous shrub, widely spreading, with inclined branches;
- partially self-pollinated;
- blooms in June;
- flowering lasts 2-3 weeks;
- Needs constantly moistened, but not wet soil;
- soil - chernozem, sod-podzolic soil, necessarily fertile and loose;
- grows equally well in the sun and in partial shade;
- drought tolerance is not very high;
- winter hardiness zone - 5, tolerates frosts up to -29 ° С;
- susceptible to leaf spot;
- It is recommended to remove all branches that have a vertical habit of growth, in order to maintain a harmonious stepped shape.
During flowering, viburnum is attractive to moths and butterflies, which are its pollinators.
Berries will become a source of winter food for birds. The beautiful thing about the plant is that it does not require fuss and intensive care. It is perfectly adapted to any climate.
The shrub is moderately resistant to damage by rodents in the winter. If you need to create a decorative fence or decorate a park - viburnum fits perfectly.
Varieties of folded viburnum
Before you say anything about the varieties, it is worth paying attention that folded viburnum has two main forms:
- long flowering.
We recommend that you familiarize yourself
As the names clear, each group has its own main feature. Long-flowering varieties bloom in large flowers for a very long period of time. But they do not form fruits. The decorativeness of this form is manifested in a change in the color of leaves in the fall from green to dark brown.
Tall ones reach a height of about 1.5–2 m. They are interesting in that their flowers are located along the entire length of the branches. It was this variety that served as the basis for the selection of many varieties of folded viburnum.
Most varieties grow well in bright sunshine, but they will retain their decorative effect in partial shade. They need good air circulation for disease prevention. Plants located near the walls will require at least 50 cm of free space between the wall and the plant itself.
Video: Flowering folded viburnum
Folded viburnum cascade (Viburnum plicatum cascade) Is one of the most interesting varieties. It refers to highly decorative because of the incredibly beautiful shape of inflorescences.Pay attention to the accumulation of small flowers in the middle of each inflorescence. They look like small berries. And the four-petalled flowers from their frame resemble butterflies.
They begin to bloom in June and continue to do so for almost 3 weeks. The plant is self-pollinated. In autumn, the bushes will be decorated with bright red berries, which will darken and fall. They are not poisonous, but they are not edible to humans. The rounded green leaves of the plant are also very beautiful. In the fall, they will change color to purplish red.
Did you know? The ability of a viburnum seedling to root depends on age. You will easily notice this at the prices of nurseries: the cost of a 4-year-old seedling is 2 or more times lower than the cost of a 3-year-old.
Optimal conditions for growth:
|irrigation||needs medium moist soil|
|priming||loam, sandy, sod-podzolic soil, necessarily nutritious and well-drained|
|lighting||sunny area or partial shade|
|winter hardiness zone||5–6, tolerates frosts down to -29 ° С|
|features||the first 2 years after planting a seedling in winter he will need shelter|
The climatic map of the zones and zones of Russia will help determine the climatic zone of your region.
A particularly interesting sort of Pink Beauty (Viburnum plicatum pink beauty) The height of the bush reaches 1.5 m. The shoots are arranged vertically. The variety also belongs to the decorative. It tolerates a haircut and can be used both for the formation of hedges and for hedging.
Its flowers are especially delightful at the moment when they are just beginning to bloom. They have a delicate greenish-pink tint. But as they unfold, they become white. In autumn, clusters of red berries will appear instead of them, and the foliage will turn purple.
|fruiting||end of August|
|flesh||not juicy, sour with bitterness|
|priming||sandy, loamy, moderately moist and fertile|
|lighting||sun or partial shade|
|winter hardiness zone||6, tolerates frosts to -23 ° C|
|features||shelter is required for the winter|
Folded viburnum Popcorn (Viburnum plicatum popcorn) is a dense multi-stemmed shrub with vertical branches. It reaches a height of 1.5–2.4 m. Throughout its life, it maintains a rather compact form that does not extend in breadth. The typical width of the bush is 1–1.2 m.
Important! Before the seedling begins to bloom and bear fruit, 3-5 years pass from the moment of planting. The exact time depends on the conditions in which the bush grows.
Decorative shoots give oval, jagged, with pronounced veins pleated leaves of dark green color. In the fall, they become burgundy red. White flowers with small interspersed brown resemble ready-made popcorn. This trait has become decisive in the name of the plant.
Flowering occurs at the end of May, much earlier than other varieties. The plant is great for creating hedges and decorative thickets in parks. The variety is almost not susceptible to pest attacks, which minimizes its care.
|blooms||at the end of May|
|priming||fertile, moist, loose|
|lighting||sunny spot or partial shadow|
|winter hardiness zone||3, tolerates frosts down to -40 ° C|
|disease||almost not affected|
Folded viburnum Mariesi (Viburnum plicatum mariesii) Suitable for growing over a large area. The branches of the bush are inclined to the surface. Considering that the length of each shoot can reach 1.5 m, the plant will need an area of not less than 3 m. The height formed by such a growth habit will be about 1-2 m.
The rest of the plant is no different from a typical folded viburnum. Flowering occurs in early June.White inflorescences usually do not produce berries, but if they are accidentally pollinated by cross pollination, then in the fall rare dark blue berries will hang on the bushes. They are not poisonous, but also not suitable for food due to the low taste.
|the soil||fertile, drained, moistened|
|acidity||neutral or slightly acidic;|
|drought tolerance||below the average|
|winter hardiness zone||6, tolerates short-term frosts up to -23 ° С|
The variety of folded viburnum Watanabe (Viburnum plicatum Watanabe) reaches a height of 1.5 m and a width of up to 1 m. It is a very compact shrub with dark green folded leaves. The main feature of the variety is the incredible flowering time. Inflorescences form from May to October. If you want to plant a flowering bush, then pay attention to Watanabe.
Optimal conditions for growth:
|priming||organic rich moist soil|
|lighting||sunny area, but can grow in partial shade|
|winter hardiness zone||5–6, tolerates frosts down to -29 ° С|
|features||suitable for growing in small gardens|
Outdoor Landing Rules
The correct time for planting folded viburnum is autumn (end of September). At this time, weather conditions will contribute to the growth of the root system. In winter, the plant will be at rest, and in spring it will be able to begin active growth.
But if the bush is intended for growing in a container, then you can plant in the spring. The main thing is to carefully monitor the soil moisture in the container. It should not dry out. Be sure to make sure that the tank has a drain hole and that the water will not stagnate.
Important! Any shrubs with a height of more than 1 m are recommended to be planted under a slight slope. This makes them more stable in strong winds.
- Dig up the ground and break up large clods.
- Remove stones, pieces of wood.
- Dig a landing hole 4 times wider than the volume of the root layer.
- Mix the soil removed from the pit with a bucket of humus or rotted manure.
- If the soil is heavy, you can add 1/3 of a bucket of sand.
- If the seedling is not purchased in a container, but with open roots, then soak its roots for 1-2 hours in warm water.
- Gently untangle those that are too intertwined.
- Place the bush in the center of the pit.
- Fill it with prepared soil.
- Pour a bucket of water.
- Compact the soil at the root of the bush.
- Provide seedlings with regular watering during the first year after planting.
The subtleties of care
Further care for viburnum includes:
- regular watering;
- top dressing bushes;
- weed removal and soil loosening;
- pest and disease control;
- preparation for winter and compulsory winter shelter for young bushes.
Pruning bushes is an important part of their development. It allows you to rejuvenate the plant, stimulating the development of new shoots. Pruning is usually done at the end of winter.
Viburnum does not belong to fast-growing shrubs, so one pruning per year is enough for her. This will make the foliage denser and enhance flowering. For convenience, use a secateurs with long handles or a brush cutter.
Bushes need regular irrigation. There should be enough water to wet the soil to a depth of 15–25 cm. More intensive irrigation is not required so as not to wash the beneficial trace elements into the deeper layers of the soil, from where the roots cannot get them. Water as the land dries.
After each watering, it is recommended to loosen the soil and remove weeds. Loosening depth - not less than 10 cm.
Did you know? The Latin name for viburnum comes from the verb "viere" - weave. It is believed that ancient civilizations used its shoots for weaving baskets and other useful household items.
If there is no way to carry out frequent care of the bushes, cover the root zone with mulch.It will protect the soil from moisture evaporation and will inhibit weed growth. Mulch can be materials of organic origin: hay, wood chips, straw, lapnik or various agrofilms.
In the spring you need to fertilize. Dry formulations are usually used, scattering them on the ground in the near-stem zone. The first top dressing is carried out in early March. To do this, you need to make 50–70 g of urea under each bush. The second top dressing is carried out when flowering begins: 200 g of ash or 40 g of potash fertilizers are applied.
The last top dressing is done at the end of August or in September. It should be a complex composition containing nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in equal amounts. For example, 10:10:10. The numbers show the percentage of each substance in the fertilizer solution.
Pests and diseases
Folded viburnum is very rarely sick, so it does not need special protective equipment. The risk of insects increases if the bush is too shaded or there are many weeds around. Clean the area regularly from weeds.
Most pests relate to soil and those that damage shoots. Experienced gardeners recommend treating the soil and the bush with the Aktara solution. Dosage: 1 g / l of water. Such processing is carried out once a month.
Against leaf beetles, leafworms, sawfly, spraying bushes with Intavir or Karbofos is used. From aphids, the treatment is carried out with a soapy solution, wormwood infusion or "Karbofos".
It is not difficult to grow a decorative folded viburnum. This is a great decoration for your garden throughout the growing season. And if you plant those varieties that yield a crop with red berries, then you will also get excellent vitamin raw materials for tea, fruit drinks and other medicinal winter drinks.