Kalina Zholobovskaya: characteristics of the variety and application features
Kalina is interesting to gardeners as a fruit shrub. In cold climates in late autumn, fruits are almost the only source of vitamins. The article considers the variety Zholobovskaya: its advantages and features of the use of berries.
Viburnum is a medium-sized shrub up to 3 m high with a compact crown, branches are sprawling, not dense. Often used as a hedge, because it is easy to prune. Since ancient times, the plant was used as a living dense fence site.
Thanks to its versatility, an ecological fence can be made of any shape and height. And if you plant viburnum on a slope, it will serve as a fortification for the soil, thanks to the highly developed rhizome. You can plant in a group with other plants, since the culture is absolutely unpretentious to the neighborhood.
Zholobovskaya viburnum has excellent immunity. Moisture-loving. It bears fruit regularly. The yield from the bush is up to 5.5 kg. The bush is self-infertile. Pollinated by pollen of any varieties of viburnum.
Important! If there is space, it is better to plant at least one more bush of another variety - then the yield will be much higher.
Zholobovskaya viburnum takes root better in the central regions of Russia. However, there is no strict gradation by region, the variety is so universal that the complex of properties it possesses allows it to grow in any climatic conditions.
The variety was obtained by collecting seedlings in the wild by the breeder Z. P. Zholobovskaya in 1995, in whose honor he received the name.
Shrub medium-late ripening, tolerates low temperatures, seedlings winter-hardy. The plant is compact, well-developed branching. The gray branches are straight, smooth and very durable. Fruits in mid-September. By the beginning of summer, it blooms heavily with white flowers, in the fall it acquires a bright color due to the scarlet fruits and the same color of foliage.
The root system is very powerful, its branching allows you to strengthen the soil layer on which viburnum grows, forming a continuous turf. Due to this feature, the choice of a place for planting a bush falls on soils subject to erosion, ravines or elevations.
Dark green leaves do not have pronounced wrinkles, medium size, 3-5 lobed. The leaf plate on the underside is pubescent. In autumn, the leaves become bright crimson.
Did you know? Viburnum berries acquire sweetness and taste after they are pierced by frost.
The berries are quite large, weighing up to 0.6 g, spherical in shape with a dark red skin. Fruits are simultaneous with small seeds. The pulp is juicy, almost sweet, with a slight pleasant bitterness and acid. The fruits hold on tightly until the spring. Bright clusters in winter attract the attention of birds.
Kalina - a carrier of valuable medicinal properties, is characterized by a high content of ascorbic acid, vitamin C, which is almost two times more than in citrus fruits. 100 g of berries contain a daily dose of vitamin C for humans.
Fruits also contain vitamin P, up to 12% sugar, up to 5% glucose, solids and organic acids, carbohydrates, steroids, carotene, as well as a set of micro and macro elements.
The pharmacological properties of viburnum are formed by the presence of tannins, ether-like and resinous substances in the bark, due to which organic acids and chemical compounds are formed.
Flowers contain triterpenoids and flavonoids. In medicine, a decoction of the cortex is prescribed for internal and uterine bleeding, from nervous strain and spasms, nosebleeds, as well as to lower blood cholesterol. A decoction of berries is often used for colds and coughs.
Juice from berries cleanses the face of teenagers from acne and acne, and is also used to eliminate age spots on the face, treat eczema and wounds.
Viburnum is a very valuable medicinal plant. The fruits are stored raw for a long enough time. Use in raw, dried, cooked form. For example, berries are made of stewed fruit and jelly, jelly and candy, filling for baking and fruit candy. Used for the preparation of juices, wines, liquors, extracts and tinctures. Vinegar is also made from juice.
Important! Raw berries have a pronounced laxative effect.
Kalina Zholobovskaya is a good grade for home use.It has a unique property - provides beauty for the whole winter plot. In addition, preserve the health and vitality of the whole family.