Blackberry variety Ebony - appearance, characteristics
Today among summer residents, non-timber blackberry varieties are gaining more and more popularity. They are attracted primarily by the fact that they are easy to care for and convenient to harvest. You can get acquainted with the description, characteristics, planting and care features of one of these varietal specimens called Ebony in this article.
Description of blackberry variety Ebony
With blackberry Ebony (Ebony), Ukrainian and Russian gardeners met not so long ago. And today the popularity of the variety does not fade away, since it has a lot of advantages. In addition, it is recommended to grow it for those who have not yet dealt with the cultivation of blackberries, since caring for it is completely not difficult.
The described varietal specimen was obtained by American breeders. For several years, work was carried out on crossing varieties of Thornfrey and Cherokee. As a result of successful selection in 2008, a shrub was obtained that brought a large number of fruits in the early times, having a decorative appearance and non-studded branches.
Did you know? Varieties of blackberries that do not have spikes on the shoots, breeders received recently - in the middle of the XX century. Prior to this, the culture was popularly called hedgehog due to the strong spike of branches.
Appearance, characteristics of berries, ripening time, yield
The bushes of the described variety are powerful. Shoots on them grow up and reach a height of 1.8–2 m. The crown has a compressed appearance, so that blackberries can be planted on the plot in a dense way. Strong shoots, do not bend under the weight of the fruit. The leaves of medium-sized shrubs are painted bright green.
Berries are formed in the early stages. Full ripening occurs in late June. They are black, shiny, rounded in shape. In diameter they reach 2 cm. They are sweet and sour to taste. The pulp is characterized by tenderness, juiciness, aroma.Vitamin C in berries contains a little - 10 mg / 100 g, solids - 9.3%, pectins - 0.9%, sugars - 5.5%, organic acids - 0.8%. Berries can be consumed fresh and processed. From them prepare drinks, desserts, fillings for baking. The leaves are suitable for brewing tea. The yield of the Ebony variety is high - with good care and proper planting from one bush, you can collect 10-15 kg per season.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- Gardeners already growing blackberries Ebony, in their reviews note such advantages:
- lack of thorns on the branches;
- high level of productivity;
- undemanding to environmental conditions and leaving;
- strong immunity;
- good taste of the fruit;
- the ability of the fruit to tolerate transportation without loss of taste and marketability;
- decorative appearance;
- compact structure of bushes.
- There are few deficiencies in plants of the described variety:
- the need for mandatory shelter for the winter due to relative winter hardiness;
- sour taste of fruits.
Good yields from blackberry bushes can be achieved if you choose a good place, purchase a quality seedling, plant in accordance with the recommendations and provide regular care.
The plot for the cultivation of blackberries needs to be selected well-lit by the sun's rays and sheltered from the north winds. If you plant a plant in the shade, then its productivity will significantly decrease, and the berries will turn out small and with a high acid content.
The best yields from blackberries can be achieved by planting it in moist, fertile sod-podzolic loamy soil with a slightly acidic or neutral pH (5.5–6.5). You should not plant shrubs in a place where groundwater comes closer than 2 m to the surface.
Important! Acidified, sandy and heavy soils are not suitable for growing blackberries. Such a soil must be improved by making limestone, manure, humus.
Landing and care
You can plant a blackberry in spring and autumn. Which time period to choose depends on the region of cultivation. In areas with a cold climate, spring planting is recommended. In areas where mild and warm winters are observed, blackberries can be planted in autumn.
Video: how to plant a blackberry
During spring planting, the plot is prepared in October. It is cleaned of weed vegetation, dug up a shovel on a bayonet and fertilized. At this time, it is advisable to add organic and mineral additives: humus - 10 kg / m², potassium sulfate - 15 g / m², superphosphate - 20 g / m².
Pits for landing need to be prepared in 2 weeks. The recommended size is 40 × 40 × 40 cm. The distance of seedlings from each other is 1.5 m, between rows - 2.5–3 m.In order to avoid problems with the growth and development of plants in the future, it is important to acquire healthy planting material. It should have a well-developed root system, have 2-3 strong shoots, a clean root neck without spots, growths. The recommended age of seedlings for planting is 1-3 years.
When planting, it is necessary to adhere to the following technology:
- Inspect the seedlings, remove all leaves, dry and broken roots, cut too long.
- Place the root system in a bucket of water or Kornevin's solution. To sustain 2-3 hours.
- At the bottom of the pit form a low earthen lump.
- Install the root system on it, distribute it evenly.
- Check that the root neck is 1.5–2 cm below the edge of the pit.
- Fill the hole with fertilized soil.
- At a distance of 20 cm from the stem, dig a furrow for irrigation along the entire diameter of the trunk zone.
- Pour 1-1.5 buckets of water into it several times.
- Trim the shoots, leaving at least 4 buds on them.
- Install the trellis.
- Mulch the near-trunk zone with straw, compost or sawdust with a three-, four-centimeter layer.
In the future, the plant needs watering, top dressing, cultivation, mulching, weeding, pruning, preventive treatments against diseases and harmful insects. Winter preparations are also required.
Moisten the blackberry with a frequency of 1 time in 10 days. If the summer is dry, the amount of watering should be increased - up to once a week. During humidification, it is necessary to ensure that the water does not stagnate, since excessive soil moisture is harmful to shrubs.
A day after watering, it is necessary to loosen the earth in the near-stem circle. Loosening prevents the formation of a crust on the surface of the soil, improves the flow of air and moisture to the roots.
It is important to ensure that the area on which the blackberry grows is not clogged. Weeds are subject to regular removal, as they cause the development of diseases and insect attacks on cultivated plants, and also take away nutrients, moisture and light from them, leading to improper development and inhibition of growth.If it is not possible to often water berry bushes, to loosen and weed the near-stem circle, then it should be covered with a layer of mulch from peat, sawdust, straw, mowed grass. Mulching inhibits weed growth and inhibits the rapid evaporation of moisture from the ground.
For normal growth, strong immunity and abundant fruiting, blackberries need fertilizing with fertilizers. They are recommended to be applied 2-3 times per season. Apply complex mineral fertilizers for berry crops and organics - slurry (1 to 10 with water), bird droppings (1 to 20).
Pest and Disease Control
The variety is affected by diseases and harmful insects only in case of improper planting, mistakes made during care, and ignoring preventive measures.
To avoid damage, it is necessary to carry out cleaning and deep digging of the site in the fall, cleaning it of plant debris on which pathogens and pests can winter. It is important to feed plants in a timely manner in order to strengthen their immunity, pruning and removing weeds. One of the conditions for the successful cultivation of berry shrubs is the planting of healthy planting material.
In the spring, it is necessary to resort to preventive treatments with copper sulfate, Bordeaux liquid, Fundazol, Topaz, and Abiga-Peak.
Against the bear, they use crushed egg shells, which are poured into the landing pits. The chafer beetle is scared off by planting in the rows of mustard. From the raspberry leaf sawfly, shrubs protect by spring treatments until flowering with “Karbofos”, “Confidor”, “Fufanon”.
In order to prevent attacks of arachnoid and hairy ticks, they resort to triple use of Fitoverma. Raspberry shoot aphids scare away ovicides, raspberry bud moth - "Karbofos" and "Fufanon". A stem fly will not appear on the site if you regularly mulch the trunk area with peat or compost with a layer 8 cm high.
Trimming and garter bush
Pruning should be done in spring and autumn. In the spring, the shoots are pruned for sanitary purposes. During the procedure, all diseased, damaged, dry, curved branches are cut out.
In autumn, it is necessary to remove all branches that are 2 years old and from which the fruits have already been harvested, as well as young shoots, the appearance of which led to a thickened crown. At annual branches it is worth pinching the tops. This will limit their growth and provide an incentive for the formation of side shoots. In order for the bush to grow and develop normally, it is necessary to leave no more than 8–9 shoots on it.
Important! Pruning should be done with a pre-sanitized garden tool. The places of cuts must be treated with copper sulfate, glossed over with garden var or RanNet.
Blackberry Ebony must be prepared for the winter. Preparation includes the following procedures:
- top dressing;
- Remove the branches from the trellis.
- Tie them in bundles.
- Bend to the ground.
- Secure with hooks.
- Treat with copper sulfate.
- Cover with corn leaves, ruberoid, sawdust, spruce branches, humus, hay, straw or agrofiber.
Shelter must be produced after the onset of the first frost.When the snow falls, you need to regularly pour it on the bushes. With the advent of spring, after the establishment of positive temperatures, the shelter must be removed, and the branches returned to the trellis.
Features of agricultural technology in the Leningrad region
Blackberry Ebony as an early ripe variety is suitable for cultivation in the Leningrad region. It is planted in spring, observing a 1-2–2–3 m pattern. It is best to choose a plot near a solid fence for cultivation that will save planting from drafts. The distance to the fence must be kept at 1–1.5 m.
Important! In addition to Ebony, for planting in the Northwestern region of the Russian Federation, varieties Loch Tey, Natchez, Agavam, Prime Ark Treveler, Brzezina, Polar, Gai are suitable.
Harvesting and transportation of crops
Blackberries are harvested several times as they mature. They begin to harvest when the berries have reached the size stated in the description, will become black, juicy and sweet. Their full maturity can be determined by dried sepals.
The fruits are picked by hands, separating them from the stalks and laying in a small container. They must be dry. After collection, they should immediately be placed in cold conditions. This will extend their shelf life.
Did you know? Humanity has learned about the beneficial properties of blackberries a very long time ago - about 2 thousand years ago. The first statements about the beneficial effects of berries on humans are present in the works of the ancient Roman physician Dioscorides.
Fruits that are planned to be transported must be harvested with technical maturity - when they turn black, they will reach the required size, but they will still be hard and sour. It is not recommended to pour and shift the collected berries, they quickly crumple, give juice and deteriorate.
So, the blackberry of the Ebony variety is in demand among summer residents, gardeners and owners of specialized farms, since it has a number of positive characteristics. It is recommended to grow it for beginners, since the nonshiplessness makes it easy to care for the bushes and collect mature fruits from them.