Blackcurrant variety Good genie: advantages and disadvantages, taste
Among all kinds of currants, the Good genie variety occupies a special place. This plant is the brightest representative of the species of black berry, characterized by excellent taste characteristics and large-fruited. The article will provide a detailed description of this plant, as well as consider the main subtleties of agricultural technology for its cultivation.
Origin of the variety
Currant Good genie can be called one of the most modern products of Russian selection. The development of this plant began in the 2000s. within the walls of the Sverdlovsk gardening station. The basis of this hybrid was the Dikovinka and Fertody varieties, from which the new plant received only the best production qualities. Good genie came to state tests in 2004, today this currant is suitable for cultivation in any climatic zone of Russia, including in Siberia.
Good genie is a medium-sized bush, with a medium-spreading crown type, up to 1.7 m high. Young shoots near the bush have a rich green hue, adults are gray, there is no pubescence on the shoots. The buds on the shoots are located singly, the shape of the buds is round, pointed, has a slight pubescence. The apical bud of the shoots is free.
The leaves on the bush are three-lobed, medium in size, have a saturated green color with a matte sheen. The sheet plate is flat with a wrinkled structure. The middle lobe on the leaves is much longer than the lateral ones, and also has a pointed apex. The lateral lobes also have a pointed apex directed to the side. The lateral surface of the leaves is covered with small teeth, with a very sharp edge.
Flowering near the shrub comes together, during this period the crown is covered with small flowers of a rounded shape. They gather in paired formations, creating racemose inflorescences. The flower brushes are short, moderately dense, the stalk is medium, green, without pubescence.
Did you know? The territory of modern England is considered to be the birthplace of currant, from where the plant spread throughout the world.
In addition to the distinctive features characteristic of the Kryzhovnikov family, the Good genie currant also has its own unique characteristics, which makes it possible to isolate the plant in a separate variety. These include cold and drought tolerance, as well as special parameters of fruiting and berries.
Drought resistance, frost resistance
Like other currant hybrids, Good genie is characterized by good frost resistance and drought resistance. This feature allows you to grow a variety both in the south and in the north, with unstable temperature conditions. However, to ensure good yield and successful growth, bushes necessarily need periodic watering, as well as shelter for the winter, otherwise the plant may die under extremely extreme conditions.
Productivity and fruiting
The variety belongs to medium-ripening plants, so the first early harvest of this currant can be obtained around mid-July. The berry does not ripen evenly, so the fruiting period often stretches for about 20-30 days. The average plant yield reaches 9 t / ha.
Berry size, taste
On the bush ripen berries of a rounded shape, black in color. The fruit pulp is dense, moderately juicy, with an increased number of small seeds. The taste of the pulp is saturated, sweet, moderate acidity, which contributes to the special dessert taste of the fruit.The average weight of the berry is about 1.3 g, the mass of the largest fruit can reach 6 g.
Advantages and disadvantages
- The main positive features of the plant:
- excellent taste of the crop;
- berries have an increased shelf life;
- bushes are resistant to all kinds of fungi;
- early ripening;
- increased winter hardiness.
- The main disadvantages of the variety:
- ripe berries do not have uniform sizes;
- branches ways to lie under the mass of the crop;
- bushes need regular pruning and thinning.
Important! Good genie is best suited for private gardening, this should definitely be considered if you intend to use currants for production purposes.
In most cases, a currant seedling is able to grow and develop without observing any specific planting and care technology. However, effective gardening provides for compliance with some rules, due to which you can achieve abundant fruiting of the bush. Without this, he will play an exclusively decorative role.
Currants can root well throughout the growing season, however, to grow an effective garden, you should adhere to special planting dates. The optimal period for planting bushes can be called the first half of October. Such seedlings can successfully root before the onset of the first frosts, and in the spring one of the first in the garden will go into active growth. In addition, the winter landing allows sorting of weak breeding material, which will disappear during the winter cold.
When planting beds, the following conditions must be observed:
- only high-quality and healthy planting material is selected for planting, without traces of damage by fungi and pests;
- Be sure to observe the basics of agrotechnology for preparing the soil and seedlings before planting beds;
- carry out landing only in the early morning or late evening, in dry and cloudy weather;
- choose the optimal average daily temperature regime for the procedure, which is within +10 ... + 15 ° С;
- they plant only in well-fertilized soil; for this, approximately 14 days before the procedure, a mixture of 5 kg of humus or rotted manure and 100 g of superphosphate are applied to 1 m² of beds.
Choosing the right place
Currants can grow well on almost any bed, however, to obtain excellent yields, you should pay attention to the special requirements of the crop to the planting site. Only in this way will it be possible to create the most optimal microclimate for the shrub.
An ideal plot for planting currants should meet the following requirements:
- settle down on a plain or a small hill;
- provide bushes with space and plenty of light;
- be no closer than 3-5 meters from any tall vegetation and garden buildings;
- be protected from winds and drafts (along the perimeter of the site should be protected by natural or artificial fencing);
- differ in well-fertilized loamy soil, and also have a pH in the range of 7.5–8.5;
- protect bushes from high humidity (the level of groundwater should be at a depth of not less than 1 m).
Selection and preparation of seedlings
The selection and preparation of material for planting is one of the key stages that allows you to create a productive currant garden on the site. To do this, first of all, you need to look at the external condition of the seedlings.
High-quality planting material has the following properties:
- not older than 2 years, height up to 40 cm;
- has juicy and elastic tissues, as well as a moist root system;
- differs in the complete absence of mechanical damage, and also has no signs of damage by insects and fungi;
- on the surface of the rhizome has at least 3 powerful processes, and on the aerial part - at least 4-6 viable kidneys.
Preparing seedlings for planting consists in sequentially performing several simple steps.First, young plants are sprayed with bactericidal substances, the solution of Fitosporin or copper sulfate (2%) is best suited for this. After this, the seedlings must be activated, for this their root system needs to be soaked in a clay solution. Prepare it on the basis of 300 g of refined clay and 1 liter of water.
Important! For planting, seedlings should be purchased exclusively in specialized stores or pedigree farms. Plants from natural markets are often infected with various infections and do not always meet the varietal characteristics declared by breeders.
Planting seedlings is performed according to the following technology:
- First you need to mark the area under future beds. To do this, around the entire perimeter of the soil should be evenly distributed space for future bushes so that between adjacent plants there is a distance of at least 1.5 m. In this case, a small wooden peg should be installed in place of future holes.
- On the marked territory, you need to make recesses for each bush. The diameter of such a hole should be 40 cm, and the depth should be about 50 cm.
- Saplings should be placed in the created recesses. Plants are placed so that the trunk is located to the soil at an angle of 45 °. In this case, the root neck should deepen by about 5 cm.
- Seedlings must be thoroughly covered with soil and carefully compacted, and then well watered.
What can be planted nearby
When planting currants, be sure to consider the neighbors in the garden. This is one of the main rules of successful gardening, as often neighboring plants have a negative impact on each other. In addition, an unfavorable neighborhood can lead to competition for nutrients, which always exacerbates the development of both neighbors in the bed.In order to avoid problems with the growth and productivity of the Good genie, the variety should not be planted next to sea buckthorn, cherries, cherries, plums, raspberries, pine and birch. At the same time, crops such as honeysuckle, gooseberries, onions and hops can be called the best neighbors of the berry. It is important to take into account the predecessors of currant: it is not recommended to plant a bush after all representatives of the gooseberry family, as well as raspberries.
High-quality care for the Good genie provides for the observance of proper watering, top dressing and pruning of shrubs. Currants are watered regularly, this culture is considered moisture-loving, therefore it requires hydration at least 1 time in 7 days. The liquid flow rate in this case, depending on the age of the bush, is from 5 to 12 liters. The shrub is also demanding for loosening, so they carry out the procedure at least 2 times a week. Loosen the substrate gently, to a depth of not more than 7 cm, since the bulk of the root system of the shrub is in the upper horizons of the soil.
The first 3-4 years after planting, the main top dressing of the bush is mulch, which is introduced into the trunk circle before wintering. In the future, currants need annual mineral nutrition. In early spring, before buds open, a solution of urea or ammonium nitrate is used as a nutrient mixture at the rate of 30–40 g / 10 l of water / 1 bush. In autumn, the beds are fertilized with a solution of cow manure (1:10) or chicken droppings (1:15) at the rate of 5-10 l / 1 m² of beds.
Important! Loosening should be carried out no earlier than on the second day after watering, otherwise the effectiveness of moistening the beds will decrease significantly.
Shrub pruning is carried out according to the following scheme:
- The next year after planting, the bushes are shortened to one length, about a third. Do this in such a way that 2–4 of the most developed buds remain on each shoot.
- In the second year after planting, the bushes are thinned out and cleaned of overgrowth. After this procedure, only 4 of the most developed shoots should remain.
- The next 3-4 years, pruning is performed so that about 20 of the most developed branches are formed on the bush.
- Starting from the 6th year, only sanitary pruning is done to the shrub, saving the crown from dry, damaged and old branches.
Preparing currants for winter is not mandatory, however, this procedure helps the shrub to winter well, which has a rather positive effect on its productivity. Begin such a procedure in the first half of October. First, the site is cleaned of the remnants of any vegetation, and then dig up well. After a few days, the beds need to be well watered and fed, and then mulched with humus, a layer of about 15 cm. If possible, the crown is also covered, for this the aboveground part is covered with spanbond, hay or any other covering material.
Most often propagate currants by cuttings. Carry out this procedure by the following methods:
- Layering - the edge of two-year-old shoots needs to be dug to a depth of about 15 cm. With constant watering, after a year, cuttings are rooted, after which they are separated from the mother bush and transplanted. In this case, a stalk about 20 cm long should form.
- Lignified cuttings - in spring or autumn, young lignified shoots need to be cut into individual fragments about 20 cm long. The resulting seedlings are rooted in the garden, well-watered throughout the growing season. The next year, rooted cuttings need to be dived to a permanent place.
- Green cuttings - in the first half of March, seedlings of up to 10 cm long are cut from young branches (with 2-3 full leaves). Such planting material is rooted in separate or common containers in room conditions at a temperature of +18 ... + 25 ° С. By mid-May, such cuttings are well rooted, after which they can be transplanted to a permanent place.
Do the bush need pollinators
Almost all varieties of blackcurrant are self-fertile plants. These are those species that are capable of self-pollination, therefore, to obtain high-quality crops, it is enough to plant only a few bushes near. However, the highest quality crops can be obtained only in the case of cross-pollination. To do this, on the bed you need to plant several plants of any productive variety, the flowering of which coincides with the flowering of Good genie.
Did you know? In the territory of Ancient Russia, currants bore the name of “monastery berry”. This was due to the fact that the plant was first mass-grown on the territory of the monastery gardens.
Diseases and Pests
Pests and infections are not common among currant plantings, however, this culture still has a risk of getting sick or being attacked by insects. The most dangerous infectious diseases include anthracnose, septoria, reversion, rust and powdery mildew.Rust, anthracnose and septoria can be eliminated by double spraying the plants with a Bordeaux mixture, the procedure is carried out with an interval of 14 days. Powdery mildew can be defeated using treatment with a solution of iron sulfate (30 g / 1 l of water). In the event of the appearance of terry, the affected bushes are dug up and disposed of, preventing the infection by eliminating its main carriers - the kidney tick and aphid.The most dangerous insect pests of currants are the kidney and spider mites, aphids, goldfish and shoot gall midges.Gall midges and goldfish can be eliminated by spraying bushes with Chlorofos, aphids and buds by treating Karbofos plants. You can overcome the spider mite with an onion or tobacco solution. Prepare them by insisting 1 part of dry raw materials in 10 parts of water (about a day). Before use, the liquid is filtered, and then about 5 g (per 10 l of liquid) of ground laundry soap are added to it.
To prevent the occurrence of infections and pests in the area, you must adhere to the following rules:
- for planting, use only healthy seedlings purchased from trusted suppliers;
- in the early spring to hold hot showers in the bushes, for this shoots are sprayed with clean water heated to + 80 ° C;
- in autumn, the beds should be cleaned of any plant debris, and before wintering, it is necessary to dig the soil in the aisles to a depth of at least 30 cm;
- during the season, approximately 1 time per month, spray the bushes with a solution of “Karbofos” and “Nitrofen”;
- Do not forget to conduct periodic sanitary pruning of the crown of the bush.
Harvesting and storage
Berries are harvested in several stages for 20-30 days after the appearance of the first ripe berries. The fruits are removed by hand and placed in small plastic or metal containers, after which they are poured into common plastic or wooden boxes. This procedure is carried out in the early morning or evening, in dry and clear weather.
Keep the crop at a temperature not exceeding + 15 ° C, in the refrigerator, basement or cellar. This allows you to save its freshness up to 2 weeks after collection. For longer storage, the berries are frozen or subjected to high temperature sterilization. In the first case, it preserves the berries for 6 months, in the second it allows you to feast on the crop up to 2 years after harvest.Good genie today can be called one of the most competitive varieties of blackcurrant. The plant is not only unpretentious, but also a very fragrant crop. This allows you to use the fruits for fresh consumption, as well as raw materials for all kinds of culinary processing. However, it should be remembered that the fruits of the variety often do not have uniform sizes, so the plant is suitable only for home use.