Blackcurrant Atlant: characteristics of the variety and features of cultivation
Gardeners often prefer varieties of berry bushes, characterized by large-fruited. They are easier to collect and nicer to eat, the presentation of such fruits attracts buyers. Atlant blackcurrant variety boasts not only large berries, but also unpretentiousness. The article discusses the features of growing varieties and the rules for caring for the plant.
This variety has an average ripening period. It produces crops in different climatic conditions. Winter-hardy, tolerates both frost and heat. Resistant to diseases and pests of currants, but adult bushes can be affected by a kidney tick. The variety is self-fertile and does not need pollinating varieties.
Bred by the Sverdlovsk Horticultural Station (Russia) as a result of crossing varieties Perepaheolyan Musta and Astrom. The authorship belongs to T.V. Shagina.
Did you know? Workers at a Finnish university found that compounds found in berries such as raspberries, blueberries, black currants, blueberries and cranberries destroy genes affected by cancer. These berries are the prevention of the appearance of tumors.
Appearance, characteristics of berries, ripening time, yield
The blackcurrant variety Atlant forms sprawling medium-sized shrubs. In late July - early August, large black rounded fruits ripen. They are one-dimensional, collected in long brushes. The average weight is 2-3 g, but some specimens reach 6 g. They have a pleasant sweet and sour taste, rated at 3.7 points. The yield is about 2 kg of berries from the bush.
Advantages and disadvantages
According to gardeners growing Atlant, he was attracted not only by the size of the fruit, but also by its resistance to diseases and pests.
- The variety is interesting in the following advantages:
- high frost resistance;
- crop stability;
- unpretentiousness to climate;
- the versatility of the use of fruits.
- The disadvantages of the variety include:
- now there are more productive varieties;
- over time, can be affected by a kidney tick.
In order to get a good crop of large fruits of Atlant blackcurrant, you need to follow the rules for growing this crop.
Seat selection and landing
The place for blackcurrant shrubs should be well lit and inaccessible to cold winds. In the southern regions with hot summers, light partial shade is acceptable. There should be no stagnation of water on the selected plot of land, and the groundwater level should not be closer than 1 m. It is optimal to select fertile, moderately moist loam. On sandy soil, organic matter is necessarily added to the planting pit.
In spring, planting should be done before the buds open. In autumn, planting time is longer - from the end of September to mid-October. In the northern regions, planting is performed no later than the beginning of September, because the plant must take root well before the cold. Plants with a closed root system can be planted at any time during the growing season.
Important! Do not plant currants in the same place for several years in a row or after gooseberries and raspberries. The distance to the trees should be no closer than 2.5 m, and to the fence - 1.5 m
Aisles make 2-3 m, and the distance between the bushes is from 1.5 m. A pit is torn out with a depth and width of 0.6 m, humus and ash are poured into the bottom, filling it by 1/3.
The seedlings are straightened and neatly covered with a top fertile soil layer. In this case, the seedling is not placed evenly, but at an angle of 45 °. The root neck should be buried 5-6 cm into the ground. Then a hole is formed around the plant, watered, the soil is mulched. At the end of planting, the seedling should be cut, leaving 4-5 buds.
To get a good harvest of these sweet and sour berries, you need to organize the necessary care for the currant bushes. So that the berries do not grow smaller and are large, it is necessary to carry out hydration. It is especially important to water during the formation and pouring of berries. Otherwise, part of the crop may crumble. In the summer, the bushes are watered once every 7-10 days.Each bush takes 4-6 buckets. During fruiting in dry weather, watered every 2-3 days. In the fall, in the absence of rain, abundant watering should be carried out in early October in order to prepare the plant culture for the winter period. Water should be poured under the root so as not to provoke the appearance of fungal diseases.
After watering, the soil under the bushes should be loosened and weed removed. Since the root system is close to the ground level, loosening is carried out carefully and shallowly - near shoots 4–5 cm in depth. At a distance of 30 cm from the bush, loosening up to 10–12 cm can be carried out.
For ease of care, the soil around the currant is recommended to be mulched with a layer of 5 cm from rotted manure, compost or humus. The procedure will protect the earth from drying out and will also prevent the appearance of weeds.
If, when planting a seedling, enough nutrients were introduced into the ground, then the first 2 years it is possible not to feed. In the third year, currants need to be fertilized.
Important! Foliar top dressing is recommended in the evening, in dry and calm weather.
The following top dressing is recommended:
- In early spring. During this period, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are needed. You can make 40-50 g of ammonium nitrate or urea under 1 adult bush.
- After flowering should be fed with organics - rotted manure or litter with the addition of wood ash.
- In the fall. Potash and phosphorus fertilizers are needed at this time. Under one bush, 100–110 g of superphosphate and 30–35 g of potassium sulfate are used.
Large-fruited black currants respond well to foliar top dressing. For this purpose, a solution is suitable: for 10 l of 20 g of urea, 8 g of boric acid, 1 g of zinc chloride, 0.5 g of copper sulfate and 0.3 g of potassium permanganate. Such a liquid is recommended to be sprayed on the eve of the appearance of color. The second foliar top dressing should be done during the formation of the ovary. For this purpose, a solution is prepared from 50 g of urea and 20 g of superphosphate dissolved in 10 l of water.
Pest and Disease Control
Atlant blackcurrant is resistant to powdery mildew, which increases with time. With proper farming techniques, growing diseases and pests do not infect this plant crop. If the recommendations for cultivation are not followed, as well as under adverse conditions, problems can arise.
Did you know? Researchers at the Institute of Horticulture and Food Research in New Zealand have determined that the anthocyanins and polyphenols that make up blackcurrant fruits protect cells from oxidation and prevent Alzheimer's.
The most dangerous for blackcurrant are viral diseases, since there are no effective remedies for them. At the first sign of the appearance of viral diseases, the bush needs to be dug up and burned.
Signs of viral diseases:
- Striped mosaic. It is found by yellow spots in the form of a mosaic on the leaves of the bush. Often the virus is transmitted by ticks or aphids.
- Terry. In this case, the bush ceases to bear fruit. You can detect the presence of the disease during the appearance of color.The buds are pulled out, and also sharpened and acquire a darker color. Color appears a week later than healthy specimens.
Viral diseases cannot be cured, but they can be prevented.
For this purpose, adhere to the following preventative measures:
- buy only healthy seedlings for planting;
- prevent the emergence and fight against insect pests, as they carry viruses and bacteria;
- apply the necessary fertilizing to the soil, which will strengthen the culture and increase resistance to the onset of diseases;
- remove shoots only with a sharp and disinfected secateurs;
- Sprinkle the cut points with activated charcoal to prevent infection and infection.
Important! Do not thicken the planting of blackcurrant - this contributes to the spread of diseases and pests.
So that the larvae could not survive the winter in the soil, they dig the earth around the bushes. Areas affected by insects are best removed and disposed of. At the very beginning of spring, before sap flow, it is recommended to pour bushes over boiling water. The procedure will prevent the appearance of pests and diseases. In the period of the appearance of berries, it is better to use alternative methods to repel insects. You can spray with infusion of garlic, onions, tobacco and soap solution.
Trimming and shaping a bush
To get a good crop, it is imperative to trim the bush. The next year after planting, 2-3 strong shoots are left on the bush, and the rest are removed. The remaining shoots are shortened by 1/4 of the length. All branches that are more than 5 years old are removed, rejuvenating the bush. They can be identified by thicker sections and dry tops. Shoots from 2 years do not shorten. It is also necessary, as necessary, to carry out sanitary pruning - remove dry, broken, diseased branches and pests.Fig. 1. Currant pruning: a - annual seedling; b - a biennial bush; c, d - shortening of shoots. Fig. 2. Currant bush before anti-aging pruning (a), after it (b) and pruning of a neglected bush (c).
The variety is winter hardy. In autumn, before the onset of frost, they only mulch the soil to protect the root system from freezing. Bushes are protected from rodents by means of roofing material, a grid or other covering material. During snowfall, it is recommended to plant currants with snow.
Harvesting and storage
Large berries of Atlas currant are harvested from late July to early August. To harvest, you need to choose a day when there is no rainfall. They begin to collect fruits in the morning when the dew disappears. The berries must be picked off with the brush and gently stacked in plywood boxes. Overripe fruits are not suitable for long-term storage. They are best used in the next couple of days.
Berries can be stored fresh at a temperature of + 2 ° C for up to 2 weeks. At a temperature of 0 ° C, berries can lie for about 3 weeks. For long-term storage, it is better to freeze currants. In the freezer, she can lie for a year. For this purpose, blackcurrant is washed, dried and placed in plastic containers or plastic bags.
Did you know? You can harvest not only blackcurrant berries, but also leaves. They are collected during the flowering period for the preparation of medicinal tea or used as an aromatic additive to green tea.
Berries of this variety normally tolerate transportation. Currants are suitable not only for fresh consumption, but also for processing. Good stewed fruit, jam, jam, confiture are made from it.
Atlant black currant will delight gardeners with a stable harvest of large berries.She tolerates many unfavorable factors, but in order to get high yields she needs to establish optimal care.