Growing currants on the balcony
Currant is a widespread crop that is grown in orchards to produce healthy berries and just for decoration. Is it possible to cultivate the plant at home - further in the article.
Is it possible to grow currants at home
Theoretically, any plant can be cultivated at home, and blackcurrant is no exception. When growing a plant in an apartment, you need to take into account its features, namely: the length of the rhizome, which will be required when choosing a pot for planting, as well as the height of the leafy part.
Did you know? Currant helps to remove radiation from the human body - radioisotopes, which explains the value of growing this plant.
As you know, the currant root system can reach up to 2 m in depth, and the plant height can exceed even 3 m up, so for home cultivation it is best to choose low-growing shrub varieties that will only grow to 1 m during pruning.
Varieties of undersized blackcurrants:
- Summer resident - reaches a maximum height of 1.2 m. The berries are large, black in color with a glossy surface. It is characterized by increased immunity to fungal infections.
- Dubrovskaya - is a stunted plant.It has large black fruits, reaching up to 5 g in weight. Leaves are compact, dark green.
- Venus - is a high-yielding variety that is resistant to anthracnose and powdery mildew. The plant is self-pollinated, unpretentious in care.
Step by step growing currants
In order to grow a beautiful currant bush, you need to purchase good planting material. Seedlings can be bought in a specialized nursery or obtained independently by dividing the bush in the spring, which grows on a summer cottage.
Currants at home can also be grown from cuttings that are cut from the mother plant in the autumn. How to plant and care for currants in the home - read below.
Important! Seedlings should be at least 30 cm high and have a root system up to 20 cm long. The plant should not have diaper rash and rot, branches should contain at least 4 buds.
How to plant
In order to properly grow a bush in the house, you need to determine the location of the pot with planting material, as well as provide optimal conditions for the growth of the plant.
To plant a seedling, you need to prepare:
- a container of dense material (plastic or wood), the depth of which will be at least 30–40 cm, width - 40 cm;
- a pallet for a given container;
- a soil mixture of peat and soil mixed in a ratio of 1: 1;
- river sand for drainage;
- a knife for trimming a plant;
- the drug "Kornevin."
To plant a stalk, you need to prepare about the same list.Only the container needs to be taken with a depth of 20 cm and a width of 30 cm.
On the balcony
We will plant on the balcony using the example of planting a seedling.
Step-by-step instructions for planting planting material in a pot:
- In the bottom of the pot, make 4 holes with a diameter of 4 mm for drainage.
- Substitute the prepared stand under the pot so as not to contaminate the floor during the watering procedure.
- Pour the prepared substrate into the container to the middle and form a small mound.
- Sprinkle the roots of the seedling with the powder of the “Kornevin” preparation (to stimulate growth).
- Before reaching 2 cm to the top of the pot, add the substrate from peat and soil, tamp tightly.
- Add a layer of sand to the remaining space at the top of the pot.
- Water the plant in an amount of 2 liters.
Important! The trimmer must be sharpened and sanitized, otherwise there is a risk of infection with a bacterial infection.
On the windowsill
We will consider landing on the windowsill using the example of cuttings. For the procedure, you will need to cut 4-5 annual branches from an adult tree. They are cut from two sides, leaving 2 buds on each shoot. The upper cut must be above the kidney, it is made straight. The bottom cut is done obliquely.
Step-by-step instructions for planting cuttings:
- Openings for drainage are made in the bottom of the growing tank.
- A mixture of peat and soil is poured into the prepared container until the middle.
- A layer of sand is poured over this mixture, which is approximately 1–2 cm.
- Cuttings with a lower cut to a height of 1 cm are dipped into a powder means "Kornevin."
- Immerse the prepared planting material in sand to a depth of 1-1.5 cm.
- The container is covered with a film and put on the windowsill.
Care of cuttings should be regular. During the first two weeks after planting, they are irrigated daily from the spray gun in the morning and evening. After a 2-week period, the film is removed, providing plants with air and sunlight. Now care consists in watering every 2-3 days for 2 months. After the specified time, the cuttings will take good roots and they can be transplanted to a permanent place in the garden or into a larger pot for home cultivation.
Did you know? Wild currant shrubs have a wide distribution area, but most often they can be found in the vastness of Russia, in the Siberian Territory.
The seedling grown on the balcony does not need special care. It needs to be watered every 7 days. The soil after irrigation is slightly loosened to provide a good flow of air to the roots. Further, as the plants develop, sanitary pruning is carried out, consisting in the removal of dry or non-viable branches.
Growing currants at home is not a troublesome process, which will allow you to get beautiful shrubs that look no different from a crop growing in open ground.