Characteristics and features of growing Auchita blackberry (Oachita, Washita)
Blackberry Auchit, without a doubt, can be called a rather prolific and easy-to-care plant. For productivity and sweetness, it is appreciated not only by gardeners, but also by experienced farmers. The name of the variety comes from the Indian tribe Ouachita, which, in turn, means "river with sparkling silver water." Despite the fact that the name sounds pleasant and understandable for the inhabitants of North America, for us it is a set of letters, which is far from being a single word: Auchita, Oachita, Washita.
In 1990, at the University of Arkansas, cross-pollination of BlackBerry varieties Navajo and Ark.1506 were carried out. As a result, a plant called Washita was developed. It had large berries, powerful shoots and high productivity. But the breeders did not stop there and continued the experiments. In 1993, a copy was issued with the code 1905. Unlike its predecessor, it did not have thorns, the berries remained as large, and the ripening period was reduced.
Auchita's great virtue is its shoots. They are large, stable, withstand the load of the fruit without the support of supports. But at the same time, they can be easily and safely bent to shelter in the winter. In addition, the plant is completely spiked.
The fruits of Auchita are very attractive, because they have a rich black color, luster and large size. Each juicy berry is 6–7 g. This blackberry is distinguished by its taste. It combines cherry and currant notes. Productivity is about 30 kg per bush. This is one of the most important advantages of the variety.
An unusual variety of blackberries can be grown not only at home in the garden or cottage, but also on an industrial scale. Farmers are engaged in the sale of fresh berries, as well as transportation and marketing in large quantities.
Video: Auchita Blackberry
Drought resistance, frost resistance
We can say that the only drawback of Ouchita is its instability to frost. It is capable of withstanding a maximum temperature of -17 ° C. On the territory of the temperate continental climate, it is necessary to shelter plants in the winter. The blackberry itself is designed for warmer climatic conditions, so it has no problems with drought tolerance.
Genetics worked hard on the new variety, so the fruiting is quite long. It begins in June and ends in late August. Auchita is the record holder for fruiting among non-bearing varieties. The long ripening and harvesting season is perfect for summer residents. Moreover, a distinctive feature of the variety is its productivity. It is about 30 kg of juicy fruits from a large bush.
Before planting this plant, you must consider:
- seat selection;
- selection and preparation of planting material;
- landing scheme.
Only after that it is worth getting down to business directly.
Blackberries, like other plants, are planted either in spring or autumn. Both of these seasons are good in their own way and have both advantages and disadvantages. It all depends on the region where the plant is grown. For example, in spring, the landing date is in April, but the farther south, the earlier it is.
Important! Spring planting of a blackberry in a new place will stimulate it to grow faster. During this period, it is a little easier to track the sprouts. But with improper care, the bush may dry out or be susceptible to pests or diseases.
Auchita's spring landing period is the most acceptable for the northern and central regionsbecause there are early and frosty winters. Here, spring planting is more effective than autumn.The problem is that in the fall the seedlings do not have time to take root before the start of frost.
In the southern hemisphere, it is possible to plant blackberries in the autumn. At this time, the weather is still warm, but more humid than in summer, so shrubs take root faster. One of the advantages can be considered that such a planting generates immunity in the seedling. But it is worth considering the risks. Incorrectly calculated dates can lead to freezing of plants.
When choosing a site for landing Auchita, you need to consider several points:
- It is not frost-resistant, so you should look for warm, heated areas that are protected from the cold wind.
- Auchita, like all plants, loves moisture.
- There must be a sufficient amount of nutrients in the soil.
Did you know? Blackberry is an incredibly healthy berry, in addition, it contributes to weight loss. In 100 g, only 31 kcal and 0 g of fat.
Both young and adult blackberry plants are not prone to frost. Low temperatures are deadly for them. But if the landing should be in a region with such climatic conditions, then you should give preference to the slopes. The plains are not suitable, because it is an open space, which is exposed to the north and east winds. Hollows are also unfavorable. Cold air lingers in them.
In addition to climatic conditions, it is worth paying attention to the soil. High rates of growth and fruiting differ in areas with sufficient humidity, as well as the amount of nutrients.
Ideally, the soil is prepared for 2-3 years before planting. It is cleaned of weeds and other pathogens of possible diseases. Strong wind can damage the plant.. In this regard, it is advisable to plant bushes near a fence or other structure.
Selection and preparation of planting material
There are two ways to plant plants:
An open system is characterized by the fact that the rhizome is fully visible, so the plant should be planted as quickly as possible. First you need to remove the damaged roots, and sprinkle the cut with ash. Before placing the seedling in the pit, the roots should be carefully straightened. Sprinkling with earth, it is sometimes necessary to stir the plant so that the soil fills all the empty space.
With a closed system, the seedling is always in the ground, and during planting, do not shake the ground from the root. When transplanting, the plant must be watered, then placed in a recess and sprinkled with earth
The description of the planting scheme of the blackberry Oachita is quite simple. It should be placed so that a single-row or two-row landing is obtained. It is worth noting that this plant loves sunlight, so it will be more comfortable on the south side of the building or hill. To correctly determine the depth and width of the seat, you need to pay attention to:
- seedling size;
- its appearance;
- quality of prepared soil.
There are three ways to land Washita:
- bush - between rows, the distance is 1.8 m, the same between plants;
- tape - cuttings should go in a continuous chain or in one recess have 2-3 seedlings;
- uterine - blackberries are planted, as in the bush method, but the distance increases to 3 m.
a - tape; b - bush; in - uterine
It is necessary to grow Ouchita on a trellis with a height of not more than 3 m. The first row of wire is located 70 cm from the ground, the second - at a height of 1.3 m, and the third - 2 m. Supports are recommended to be installed with a distance of 4-7 m.
Harvesting and storage
Sweet aromatic berries do not ripen in one moment. Harvesting occurs in several stages. If the weather is dry, then 2-3 times a week. It all depends on the fruit ripening speed. It is advisable to store the berries in a cool, dry place, so they will be longer suitable for consumption or sales.
The frost resistance of Auchita's blackberry is its huge disadvantage. It is necessary to remove it from the supports in September, as soon as the fruiting season ends. Plants that are located on the territory of the temperate continental climate must be covered in winter by bending the shoot to 20 cm. Then, fix it so that it lays horizontally.
Auchita is a straight-grown variety of blackberries, so it is propagated by root cuttings. Shoots that have fallen to the ground take root quickly and give new sprouts.
The best reproduction occurs in greenhouse conditions where humidity is regulated. Collection of cuttings occurs in mid-summer. Their length is 10-12 cm, and at the top there should be 2-3 kidneys.
Important! Do not rush to separate the rooted shoots immediately after their appearance. It is better to do this in the spring.
Diseases and Pests
Blackberry is the same berry plant as raspberries or currants, and therefore they have common diseases and pests. Their number is constantly growing, and in order to save the garden, it is necessary to learn to correctly recognize the causes of wilting and to prevent it in time.
Each of these pests feeds on leaves, fruits, buds, flowers, and roots. They cause irreparable harm, which, in turn, leads to the death of the plant if precautionary measures are not taken in time.
To save a blackberry, you must first cut and burn the withered shoots. Then loosen the soil and mulch it. In extreme cases, it is recommended to use chemical or biological preparations.
Did you know? In ancient Greece, there was a legend that blackberries — this is the blood of the titans, which froze after the battle with the gods.
The diseases of this variety of blackberry include:
The development of most diseases contributes to damp rainy weather. You can stop the spread of disease using biological drugs. Some of them enhance immunity, which in turn leads to a natural ability to fight diseases. "Azotofit" and "Phytocide" are used to increase productivity, as well as for the prevention of diseases.
This sweet and sour saturated black berry is not only very tasty and fragrant, but also very healthy. No wonder as far back as 2000 years ago, the ancient Greeks considered it a medicine. Perhaps that is why in our time it remains as popular as it was many centuries ago.
Network user reviews
Beshipny, early, large-fruited variety with sweet, fragrant berries. The size of the berry does not fade until the end of fruiting. It reproduces well, is quite winter-hardy. The berries are transportable. As for straight-growing and shelter for the winter, I think everything is solved.
I do not see a single minus, some positive points. There will be a demand for berries and seedlings, the variety is worthwhile.